During WWII, Japan mistakenly landed a plane on a US aircraft carrier and guess what happened?
The fighter pilot mistook the aircraft carrier and almost landed his plane on a warring enemy carrier!This is what happened in the Pacific during World War II!Several Japanese pilots, on a return trip, misidentified the carrier, and all at once.When they were preparing to land, they found that several “friendly planes” were also preparing to land, but they did not see which formation they belonged to.See these “friend aircraft” all circle procession orderly landing, The Japanese pilot also followed up, but more circle, they feel more wrong: this seems…Not one of us, are you?At this time, the US troops on the aircraft carrier also found that these “friendly” aircraft, which acted together with their own aircraft, seemed to be different.And they’re like, please, this is not a drill!This is enemy aircraft! Enemy attack!Then the Americans on the carrier attacked, and as anti-aircraft guns sounded, the Japanese pilots were sure: We were in the enemy’s nest and making it our home.Can these Japanese pilots survive this?This is the story of Japanese pilots in the Coral Sea battle.Naval Battle of the Coral Sea, the First Carrier-borne aircraft Engagement As to the details of this incident, but also from the 1942 Battle of the Coral Sea.It was also the first aircraft carrier battle in human history, with both aircraft carrier formations sending carrier-borne aircraft to engage each other at a long distance.It was also the first time in history that the wrong carrier was parked. After all, these pilots had never been in a battle with a carrier on both sides before, so they thought it was their home.In early May 1942, the Americans planned to take on the Japanese at Port Moresby. After all, they had been pinned down by the Japanese since the attack on Pearl Harbor.The only victory had come a month earlier, in mid-April 1942, with a successful air raid on Tokyo.(The raid was called the Doolittle Raid and led directly to the Battle of Midway.) But that was not enough. If it had been lost to the Germans on the ground, the American army might not have been so brave, but the American soldiers in the Pacific, under the pressure of the Japanese, held themselves so high.It’s hard to be even!They want to defeat the Japanese in a positive, real sense. They want to prove that we can sneak in and steal your capital.Heads, you’re no match.On May 4, 1942, the American landing force sailed for Port Morbitz, while the mobile force 5th Air Group was stationed in the Coral Sea to intercept the American forces.In fact, the U.S. army has long sent troops to ambush in the coral area, and has been successfully ambushed to the Japanese at this time, are playing.You don’t really think the Americans are going to go head-to-head with the Japanese, do you?This time, the U.S. army was informed in advance of the Japanese naval plan to land the Moss in Port Moresby by deciphering the Japanese naval communication code, and decided to take the Japanese off guard in Port Moresby.Of course, the Mo plan also included specific routes for the Japanese navy, and the Coral Sea was one of the best places for an ambush.On May 4, 1942, the United States began to land, but on May 3, that is, the day before the landing, the American fleet ambushed in the Coral Sea attacked, at the cost of three planes, sank a Japanese destroyer and several other small ships.But this time the American army was fooled, the Japanese main force is not here.The American fleet, ambushed in the Coral Sea, rushed menacingly to Port Moresby, determined to give the Japanese a run for their money.Soon after, reconnaissance planes spotted the enemy, and the American fleet sent 51 Dauntless dive bombers, 22 Destroyers and 18 Wildcats, altogether 91 aircraft.When the Japanese found the American warplanes, it was too late, only in time to transport the group retreat, but “Xiangfeng” aircraft carrier on the tragic.On its first mission, the Japanese aircraft carrier Sangfeng sank with 11 bombs and seven torpedoes, while the U.S. lost only three aircraft.And then the best part, the afternoon after the battle, the weather changed.The United States ordered no longer search offensive Japanese, but also need to ensure patrol defense, to avoid the Japanese sneak attack.Two, lost, landing enemy ship weather is not good, the United States gave up to continue to search the Japanese, but the Japanese have a 27 aircraft flying formation did not give up.Or they left before the weather got bad, and when it did, they wanted to get back to the fleet, but…Got lost.At this time, the squadron did not know that there were American aircraft carriers in the waters.Most importantly, several of the planes had lost contact with the army, and their radios and radars had suffered varying degrees of failure due to the weather.Yes, it was these “flying” Japanese pilots who took the American aircraft carrier as their own.They wouldn’t be wrong if they knew there was a US aircraft carrier in the area, or if the radar and radio worked.The Japanese pilots flew out in the middle of the ocean until it was dark. The weather was bad, and the darkness reduced visibility.Finally, they found their “home”, and the Japanese planes flew to the USS Yorktown, and excitedly prepared to land.But landing on a carrier is tricky, and the weather is bad, and it’s night.Several Japanese pilots spotted several “friendly” aircraft circling the carrier to slow down.(This is a US aircraft carrier, the aircraft landing action, but obviously, these Japanese pilots do not know) to see the “friendly aircraft” in order to slow down, although the Japanese pilots do not know why they slow down, but they followed suit.But the more they flew, the more the Japanese pilots realized something was wrong: how could this plane, this aircraft carrier, look so like each other?Although the United States found several unidentified aircraft from the radar, but because of the weather can not see the specific situation, the aircraft and so cooperate, they did not expect this is the enemy aircraft, thought it was “damaged friendly forces”.Neither side expected such cooperation, until the americans found that the identification signals did not match, as if there was a real situation.Enemy planes, enemy planes!Attention, this is not a drill. Attention, this is not a drill!When the shrill siren sounded again, the ship became tense and the anti-aircraft guns fired at the Japanese, but because there were real American planes in the sky, the anti-aircraft gunners on the carrier did not dare to fire at full force for fear of friendly fire.The Japanese pilot, who realized he was looking for the wrong house, was also taken aback and sped away, thanks to a well-refueled plane.Eventually, one of the Japanese planes was shot down, the rest fled, and they managed to find their ships and return home.These pilots, who had survived a near-death experience, were among the few survivors of their squad of 27 planes.When these pilots returned, it was a different story. They were “heroes” behind enemy lines and knew the location of the American fleet.But their antics last night also led US Admiral Frank Fletcher to guess that a Japanese carrier was nearby and that the duel between the carriers that would determine the outcome of the battle would take place the next day.As expected the next day, the two sides fleet almost simultaneously discovered the other side’s fleet, the battle formally started.The two sides of the frontal battle can be said to be evenly matched, the Japanese aircraft carrier “Xianghe” was seriously damaged by a bullet, although the Ruihe was not damaged, but the carrier aircraft and pilots lost more than half.The United States was no better. The AIRCRAFT carrier USS Lexington was attacked by six Japanese torpedo planes and severely damaged.But the US had money. Though both heavy carriers, the Lexington was much more resistant to attack than the Japanese Shocrane, and could continue to fight even if it was hit.But then a fuel leak on the Lexington caused a huge explosion inside the ship, and the fire quickly grew out of control.The Lexington sank when the captain, for unknown reasons, ordered the destroyers to torpedo the Lexington.And last night by The Japanese mistake as their own aircraft carrier “Yorktown” was also seriously injured, this Japanese pilot played last night “friendly forces”, but also really is not a bit of mercy.Both sides lost a lot of money, and neither of them wanted to fight any more, so they both ended the fight. Go!Thus ended the Battle of the Coral Sea, in which each side lost an aircraft carrier, a destroyer, 66 American aircraft and 77 (some say 40) Japanese aircraft.On the face of it, the US took advantage and Japan suffered more.But the Japanese were sunk by the light aircraft carrier “Sangfeng”, but the United States was sunk by the heavy aircraft carrier “Lexington”, compared to the American loss is much greater.But even though Japan won a tactical victory, it did not complete the capture of Port Moresby, so strategically it took advantage of the United States.The battle of Coral Sea was the first duel between aircraft carriers in the history of naval warfare and opened a new chapter in naval warfare.The battle was fought with carrier-borne aircraft carried by the fleet, and the victory was decided at a distance of hundreds of nautical miles. Warships no longer used ship-to-ship artillery to solve the problem, and the operational mode of the Pacific War changed.Belatedly, the U.S. Navy immediately sensed that aircraft carrier groups would be the dominant mode of naval warfare in the future, and went ahead with them, eventually winning in the Pacific.This battle also laid the foundation for the subsequent victory at Midway.During the battle in the Coral Sea, Japan’s three aircraft carriers, the sunken Xiangfeng, the severely damaged Xianghe, the carrier-based aircraft carrier and the Ruihe, which lost more than half of its pilots, were all rendered useless.And the United States in addition to the direct sinking of the Lexington, the severely damaged Yorktown aircraft carrier after three days and three nights of repair, finally able to return to the battlefield.So in the ensuing Battle of Midway, the United States lost one USS Lexington and Japan lost three carriers.The gap in overall national power between the two countries is reflected in the fact that the US was able to quickly replenish its pilots and aircraft and repair the damaged Yorktown, while Japan could not.During the Battle of Midway, the U.S. had one more aircraft carrier and Japan lost two due to the gap in overall national strength.If Japan had been able to replenish its pilots and fighters, as well as American maintenance capabilities, it would have been 3:6, not 3:4, in the battle of Midway.If the overall national strength of the United States and Japan had been reversed, and Japan had maintained its aircraft carriers and replenished its pilots, but the United States had not maintained them, the ratio of aircraft carriers between the two countries would have reached 6 for Japan and 2 for the United States, a difference of three times.Even with Japan’s bad decisions and arrogance, it would be hard to lose with three times as many aircraft carriers as the other side.If so, the outcome of the Battle of Midway is really uncertain. Once the Japanese navy wins, the West coast of the United States will be directly threatened by the navy, and the United States will completely lose the ability to counter The Japanese army in the short term.But the reality is that the United States national strength is much stronger than Japan, after all, two countries are not a volume, Japan in order to this war of belligerence, although the invasion of other countries to obtain a lot of resources, but this fleet is also Japan saved for many years to have the family, and the pilot shortage is a big problem.In contrast, the United States also had to take care of the European battlefield, a large part of the force against Germany, had it been free, the early fight would have been against Japan.Japan obviously knows this too. The United States is so powerful that Japan would be vulnerable in a full-blown war, so they are eager to force the United States to the negotiating table.However, it is clear that Japan, with superior equipment, did not force the US to the negotiating table like the Chinese volunteers.In the Battle of Midway island, Japan used four aircraft carriers to fight three aircraft carriers of the United States, and finally paid four heavy aircraft carriers, Namely Dragon, Soryu, Chikoshi and Kaga, to sink Yorktown, which had just been repaired by the United States before the war.Japan, at its peak in the Pacific, suffered a decisive defeat, switching from active attack to passive defense.After all, there are only two of Japan’s six main aircraft carriers left after Midway island, including the Uss Xionghe, which was wounded in the Coral Sea battle, and the Uss Ruihe, which was not fully formed. Japan can no longer form a strong Chinese formation.”Yamato” battleship so far many Japanese people tried to use battleships, but in the face of the carrier aircraft siege, the powerful “Yamato” battleship could do nothing.Besieged by hundreds of American aircraft, the Yamato, one of the most powerful battleships of the second World War, was sunk just as it could be.