Blockbuster!Gene editing, artificial intelligence and other technology research and development will be standardized | perspective depth

2022-05-02 0 By

Gene editing, artificial intelligence awakening, xenotransplantation, personal network information security…With the rapid development of science and technology, it also brings new risks and uncertainties to the society, and may trigger some unprecedented ethical challenges.The General Office of the CPC Central Committee and The General Office of the State Council have issued opinions on Strengthening ethical governance in science and technology, which is China’s first national guidance document on ethical governance in science and technology. It is also another landmark event in China’s ethical governance in science and technology following the establishment of the National Committee on Ethics in Science and Technology.Purpose: to prevent uncertain risks, promote the LiangBan printing for the good opinion of science and technology not only put forward the “ethics first, in accordance with the law in accordance with the rules, and agile management, based on national conditions, opening up and cooperation” of the ethics of science and technology management requirements, more clear “to improve human well-being, respect for life right, insist on fair, reasonable control risk, maintain open and transparent” principles of technology ethics.Science and technology ethics is the value criterion that science and technology activities must abide by.At present, the rapid development of science and technology innovation in our country, the ethics of science and technology challenges facing increasing, but the ethics of science and technology management system and mechanism is not perfect, imperfect system still exist and the imbalance of the area development, problem, difficult to adapt to the development of science and technology innovation reality needs, build cover comprehensive, clear, standardizing orderly and coordinated system of science and technology ethics governance become imperative.Xiangli Bin, vice minister of science and Technology, said at a press conference on strengthening the ethical governance of science and technology held on 23: “In the drafting process of the opinions, we focused on the following aspects: first, to establish values and highlight China’s position and attitude towards strengthening the ethical governance of science and technology;The second is to highlight the problem orientation and focus on solving the problems such as the imperfect system and mechanism, the imperfect system and the unbalanced development of the field of science and technology ethics governance in China.The third is to strengthen system deployment and put forward major measures to strengthen ethical governance of science and technology.””Opinion for the first time to our country science and technology ethics governance system deployment, has important guiding significance, help to promote the technology and the society as a whole unified thought, build consensus, and further enhance the recognition of the importance of ethical governance of science and technology, effectively prevent science and technology ethics risks, to promote science and technology to the good, to achieve high level technology free-standing self-improvement,Accelerating the building of an innovative country and a strong country in science and technology will play an important role.””Saiobin said.In recent years, cutting-edge technologies such as gene editing technology, artificial intelligence technology and assisted reproduction technology have developed rapidly, which not only bring benefits to human beings, but also constantly challenge human ethical bottom line and value scale.Scientific and technological innovation must precede ethics.The famous scientist Albert Einstein once said frankly, “Science is a powerful tool. How to use it and whether it brings happiness or disaster depends on people, not on the tool.”It is the common call of the whole society to strengthen the institutionalized construction of science and technology ethics and promote the global governance of science and technology ethics.”Scientific ethics (review) committees should be set up if the research involves sensitive fields of scientific ethics,” the guideline said, “research on scientific ethics legislation should be strengthened in the fields of life science, medicine and artificial intelligence,” and “laws and regulations of scientific ethics should be severely investigated and punished.”Some ethics experts in science and technology say that as more and more Chinese scientists venture into the “no man’s land”, we need to anticipate the ethical risks that scientific innovation may bring, systematically foresee, weigh and deal with ethical conflicts in the forefront of science and technology, and guard against people accidentally rushing into the “forbidden area” of ethics.Improve the review and supervision mechanism:Delimit the “red line” and the “bottom line” “any units, organizations and individuals to carry out the activities of science and technology shall not endanger the social security, public security, biological safety, and ecological security, nor the infringer to safety of life and physical and mental health, personality, dignity, participants’ right to know and the option may infringe upon the science and technology activities, shall not be funded against science and technology ethics requirements of science and technology activities.”The guideline lays out “red lines” and “bottom lines” for strengthening ethical governance in science and technology.”Enhancing the well-being of human beings is the driving force of the development of science and technology, and the goal of science and technology ethics is to safeguard the development of scientific community along this track, and to guarantee the development direction of science and technology in the dimension of value judgment.”Said Zhai Xiaomei, a member of the National Ethics Committee for Science and technology.The perfection of the review and supervision mechanism is an important part of the establishment of the national science and technology ethical governance system.In this regard, the document makes specific provisions on scientific and technological ethical review, supervision, risk warning and violation handling, and requires that scientific and technological activities should carry out scientific and technological ethical risk assessment or review, especially for scientific and technological activities involving humans and experimental animals.The monitoring and warning mechanism of scientific and technological ethical risk should be improved.As some ethical issues in science and technology tend to be solved internally and punitive measures are not perfect, the document stipulates that violations of laws and regulations in scientific and technological ethics should be severely investigated.Institutions of higher learning, scientific research institutions, medical and health institutions, enterprises, etc., are the first responsible subjects for internal investigation and treatment of scientific and technological ethics violations. Serious scientific and technological ethics violations are investigated and held accountable in accordance with laws and regulations.Ministry of Science and Technology to monitor and integrity JianSheSi chief priests Dai Guoqing said that in the process of actual execution, the relevant department in charge of industry, funding agencies, or person is in an unit to distinguish different conditions, in accordance with the law in accordance with the rules of science and technology ethics violations responsible for they shall be ordered to correct, to stop the relevant science and technology activities, to recover funds, revocation of the reward and honor, cancel the relevant qualifications,It is prohibited to undertake or participate in scientific and technological activities supported by financial funds within a certain period of time.”We need to think comprehensively and carefully about the functions of cutting-edge emerging technologies. For example, the guideline points out that new technologies should be treated in a forward-looking, responsible and prudent manner, especially when controversial technologies with potentially significant impacts are widely used.”Zhai Xiaomei said.Reporters: Hu Zhe, Tian Xiaohang, Zhang Quan, Wen Jinghua Source: Xinhua Perspective